Top 10 countries with the highest numbers of deaths (thousands) for children under-5 years, 2019. Globally, infectious diseases, including pneumonia, diarrhoea and malaria, along with pre-term birth, birth asphyxia and trauma, and congenital anomalies remain the leading causes of death for children under five.
What are the major causes of death in childhood?
Accidents (unintentional injuries) are, by far, the leading cause of death among children and teens. 0 to 1 year: Developmental and genetic conditions that were present at birth.
5 to 14 years:
- Accidents (unintentional injuries)
29 авг. 2020 г.
What are the global top three causes of under 5 mortality?
The main causes of death among children under five include pneumonia (17%), preterm birth complications (15%), intrapartum-related complications (10%), diarrhoea (9%) and malaria (7%).
What are the six killer diseases of a child?
These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.
What are the top 5 preventable deaths?
The estimated average number of potentially preventable deaths for the five leading causes of death in persons aged <80 years were 91,757 for diseases of the heart, 84,443 for cancer, 28,831 for chronic lower respiratory diseases, 16,973 for cerebrovascular diseases (stroke), and 36,836 for unintentional injuries ( …
Which country has the highest under 5 mortality rate?
Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region with the highest under-five mortality rate in the world—76 deaths per 1,000 live births.
Why is child mortality so high in Africa?
The causes of high infant mortality rate (IMR) in SSA are well known. … The main causes are, in order of importance, neonatal causes (26%), child pneumonia (21%), malaria (18%), diarrhoea (16%), HIV/AIDS (6%), measles (5%) and accidents (2%).
Which disease has the highest mortality rate?
Read on to see the top 10 diseases causing the most deaths worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) .
- Ischemic heart disease, or coronary artery disease. …
- Stroke. …
- Lower respiratory infections. …
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. …
- Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers. …
- Diabetes mellitus.
What are the 7 killer diseases?
7 Deadliest Diseases in History: Where are they now?
- The Black Death: Bubonic Plague. …
- The Speckled Monster: Smallpox. …
- Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) …
- Avian Influenza: Not Just One For The Birds. …
- Ebola: On The Radar Again. …
- Leprosy: A Feared Disease That Features In The Old Testament. …
- Polio: The Most Dreaded Childhood Disease Of The 1940-50s.
8 июн. 2020 г.
What are the 14 serious childhood diseases?
- Chickenpox (Varicella)
- Flu (Influenza)
- Hepatitis A.
- Hepatitis B.
- HPV (Human Papillomavirus)
What diseases kill babies?
Malaria, pneumonia, diarrhoea, HIV and tuberculosis are preventable and treatable. But they are still killing children in large numbers. Major causes of death among children vary by age. Children under 5 are especially vulnerable to infectious diseases like malaria, pneumonia, diarrhoea, HIV and tuberculosis.
How many deaths happen yearly?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there were 2,813,503 registered deaths in the United States in 2017. The age-adjusted death rate, which accounts for the aging population, is 731.9 deaths per 100,000 people in the U.S. This is an increase of 0.4% over 2016’s death rate.
What is the number one cause of preventable deaths?
Annual number of deaths and causes
|Cause||Number||Percent of total|
|Preventable medical errors in hospitals||210,000 to 448,000||23.1%|
|Being overweight and obesity||111,900||4.6%|
What are preventable deaths?
The concept of preventable deaths covers deaths which could have been avoided by public health interventions focusing on wider determinants of public health, such as behaviour and lifestyle factors, socioeconomic status and environmental factors. Some diseases/conditions are considered to be treatable and preventable.