A febrile seizure is usually a convulsion (irregular or uncontrollable movement in the body) that’s caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain. This unusual activity is sometimes sparked by a childhood fever. Febrile seizures usually happen when a child is between the ages of 6 months and 5 years.
What should you do if a child has a seizure from a fever?
If your child has a febrile seizure, stay calm and:
- Gently place your child on the floor or the ground.
- Remove any nearby objects.
- Place your child on his or her side to prevent choking.
- Loosen any clothing around the head and neck.
- Watch for signs of breathing problems, including bluish color in the face.
What causes fever seizures in babies?
Infection. The fevers that trigger febrile seizures are usually caused by a viral infection, and less commonly by a bacterial infection.
Why do fevers cause seizures?
Febrile seizures may occur because a child’s developing brain is sensitive to the effects of fever. These seizures are most likely to occur with high body temperatures (higher than 102°F) but may also occur with milder fevers. The sudden rise in temperature seems to be more important than the degree of temperature.
Can a child die from febrile seizure?
The first febrile seizure can be frightening for parents. Most parents are afraid that their child will die or have brain damage. However, simple febrile seizures are harmless. There is no evidence that they cause death, brain damage, epilepsy, or learning problems.
What to do after a child has a seizure?
What to Do if Your Child Has a Seizure:
- Gently place your child on the floor or ground, and remove any nearby objects.
- Lay your child on his or her side to prevent choking on saliva (spit).
- If your child vomits, clear out the mouth gently with your finger.
- Loosen any clothing around the head or neck.
What can trigger a seizure in a child?
Anything that interrupts the normal connections between nerve cells in the brain can cause a seizure. This includes a high fever, high or low blood sugar, alcohol or drug withdrawal, or a brain concussion. But when a child has 2 or more seizures with no known cause, this is diagnosed as epilepsy.
What does a febrile seizure look like in a baby?
Most often during a febrile seizure, a child will lose consciousness and both arms and legs will shake uncontrollably. Less common symptoms include eye rolling, rigid (stiff) limbs, or twitching on only one side or a portion of the body, such as an arm or a leg.
What does a seizure look like in a 6 month old?
Focal seizures: Focal seizures may involve the infant having spasms or rigidity in one muscle group, becoming pale, sweating, vomiting, screaming, crying, gagging, smacking their lips, or becoming unconscious.
What are the 3 signs and symptoms of a febrile convulsion?
Symptoms of febrile convulsions
- loss of consciousness (black out)
- twitching or jerking of arms and legs.
- breathing difficulty.
- foaming at the mouth.
- going pale or bluish in skin colour.
- eye rolling, so only the whites of their eyes are visible.
- your child may take 10 to 15 minutes to wake up properly afterwards.
What are the 3 types of seizures?
Types of Seizures
- Absence seizures, sometimes called petit mal seizures, can cause rapid blinking or a few seconds of staring into space.
- Tonic-clonic seizures, also called grand mal seizures, can make a person. Cry out. Lose consciousness. Fall to the ground. Have muscle jerks or spasms.
How can I prevent my baby from having seizures?
As soon as you know your child is starting to have a seizure:
- Gently try to get them into a position where they are safe. …
- Stay with your child. …
- Do not put anything in your child’s mouth. …
- Do not try to stop or restrain their movements.
- Children often foam at the mouth or drool during a seizure.
At what age do febrile seizures stop?
Sometimes a seizure is the first sign that a child has a fever. Febrile seizures are common. A few children will have one at some time – usually between the ages of 6 months and 5 years. Most children outgrow them by age 6.
Does a child stop breathing during a febrile seizure?
A child having a simple febrile seizure, which may also be known as a grand mal seizure, can lose consciousness (while still breathing) and then become rigid as muscles on both sides of his body contract.
Can a febrile seizure happen during sleep?
A febrile seizure may occur at night when you and your child are sleeping. Since brief febrile seizures do not cause harm, missing a brief seizure is not important. The noises of a long febrile seizure would almost certainly awaken you. Your child can sleep in his or her own bed.
How often can febrile seizures happen?
Febrile seizures (seizures caused by fever) occur in 3 or 4 out of every 100 children between six months and five years of age, but most often around twelve to eighteen months old.