Diabetes can cause problems during pregnancy for women and their developing babies. Poor control of diabetes during pregnancy increases the chances for birth defects and other problems for the pregnancy. It can also cause serious complications for the woman.
How does pregnancy affect blood sugar?
During pregnancy, your placenta makes hormones that cause glucose to build up in your blood. Usually, your pancreas can send out enough insulin to handle it. But if your body can’t make enough insulin or stops using insulin as it should, your blood sugar levels rise, and you get gestational diabetes.
What happens to baby if mother is diabetic?
This can affect the baby and mother during pregnancy, at the time of birth, and after birth. Infants of diabetic mothers (IDM) are often larger than other babies, especially if diabetes is not well-controlled. This may make vaginal birth harder and may increase the risk for nerve injuries and other trauma during birth.
What is normal blood sugar while pregnant?
For the three-hour test: A normal fasting blood glucose level is lower than 95 mg/dL (5.3 mmol/L). One hour after drinking the glucose solution, a normal blood glucose level is lower than 180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L).
Can a diabetic mom have a healthy baby?
If you are healthy and your diabetes is well controlled when you become pregnant, you have a good chance of having a normal pregnancy and birth. Diabetes that is not well controlled during pregnancy can affect your health long-term and can also be risky for your baby.
What birth defects are caused by diabetes?
Among the defects in children born to women with diabetes are heart problems, brain and spinal defects, oral clefts, kidney and gastrointestinal tract defects, and limb deficiencies. Diabetes diagnosed before pregnancy was linked with about 50% of the birth defect categories analyzed.
Will pregnancy sugar affect the baby?
Higher than normal blood sugar in mothers can cause their babies to grow too large. Very large babies — those who weigh 9 pounds or more — are more likely to become wedged in the birth canal, have birth injuries or need a C-section birth. Early (preterm) birth.
What can I eat to lower my blood sugar while pregnant?
Plenty of whole fruits and vegetables. Moderate amounts of lean proteins and healthy fats. Moderate amounts of whole grains, such as bread, cereal, pasta, and rice, plus starchy vegetables, such as corn and peas. Fewer foods that have a lot of sugar, such as soft drinks, fruit juices, and pastries.
Can you get rid of gestational diabetes while pregnant?
Gestational diabetes also increases your risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy. In most cases, gestational diabetes disappears after your baby is born. However, for some people, high blood sugar may persist after pregnancy.
What glucose level is too high during pregnancy?
They’ll likely diagnose you with gestational diabetes if you have at least two of the following values: fasting blood sugar level greater than or equal to 95 mg/dL or 105 mg/dL.
What happens if sugar level is high during pregnancy?
Gestational diabetes occurs when hormones from the placenta block insulin, preventing the body from regulating the increased blood sugar of pregnancy effectively. This causes hyperglycemia (or high levels of sugar in the blood), which can damage the nerves, blood vessels and organs in your body.
What can a pregnant woman eat with type 2 diabetes?
Your diet in pregnancy with type 1 or 2 diabetes
Try to aim for a varied diet that includes a combination of: carbohydrates such as breads, rice, pasta, grains and potatoes (choose wholegrain varieties where possible) fruit and vegetables. pulses, such as baked beans, butter beans or lentils.
Can you have a healthy baby with type 2 diabetes?
A healthy pregnancy is certainly possible with diabetes, but it takes extra care. If you plan to get pregnant with type 2 diabetes, see your doctor first. You need a plan to keep your blood sugar level under control — and during pregnancy the goals for blood sugars are very different.